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Lenore Arab, Ph.D.

Email Address:
larab@mednet.ucla.edu
Work Email Address:
larab@ucla.edu Mailing Address:
10960 Wilshire Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90024
UNITED STATES

Office Address:
12-262 Factor

UNITED STATES


Work Phone Number:
(310) 267-4474

Web Address:
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Bio-Chem Web-Profile 2
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Lenore Arab, Ph.D.

Department / Division Affiliations
Professor, Medicine

Professional Affiliations

Member of Society for International Nutrition Research
Initiator and Past Director, NIH Training Grant on the Nutritional Biochemistry
Member of American Society of Clinical Nutritionists
Member of American College of Epidemiologists
Member of Society for Epidemiologic Research
Member of European Cancer Prevention Society
Member of Collegium Ramazzini
Member of The Nutrition Society
Member of International Epidemiological Society
Member of European Academy of Nutrition Scientists
Member of Delta Omega Society
Past Director, Nutritional Epidemiology Core of The University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill Clinical Nutrition Research Unit
Past Head of the Nutritional Epidemiology Program in the Epidemiology Department
Former Member National Academy of Science NRC Committee On The Toxicological
Former Member of the National Academy of Science Food and Nutrition Board Subcommittee on the Uses and Interpretation of Dietary Reference Intakes
Editorial board of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Nutrition in Clinical Care, and Nutrition and Cancer: An International Journal
Board of Scientific Advisors, Institute of Nutrition of the University of North Carolina System
2008 Advisory Board Member Ventura Social Action Justice Fund
2008 President Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry of CA: Action Network
2004 North American Editor, Public Health Nutrition
2000-2004 Board of Directors, Habitat for Humanity, & Chair, Family Selection Committee
1990-2002 WHO Expert Advisory Panel on Nutrition

Biography:

I am a nutritional epidemiologist and straddle both the division of General Internal Medicine/Health Services Research in the Department of Medicine at UCLA and the Department of Biological Chemistry. This reflects my experience in human clinical and epidemiologic research and my focus on translation of new laboratory developments (specifically biomarkers) into the arena of strong, valid human etiologic and intervention studies. I have 30 years of experience in the study of diet and disease that spans two continents. Most pertinent to this proposal is my experience in training and translational cooperative research in Europe, as a PI of European Community collaborations, as the founder of a WHO Collaborating Center with a translational mission, as the developer and leader of a training grant that spanned three departments and 3 institutions in North Carolina (UNC, NIEHS and the EPA. I was recruited by Amgen to develop, as a senior director, its department of Global Epidemiology and translate pharmacologic effects in the context of the natural history of numerous diseases, and have a rare skill set, of value in the academic environment, that involves addressing to the need for rapid translation of new scientific findings into a clinical setting under inflexible and demanding timelines. At UNC, I was the program director for nutritional epidemiology and leader of a training program and NCI-sponsored training grant in that field. I served as the director of the Clinical Nutrition Research Core for Nutritional Epidemiology at UNC which supported dietary assessment in population studies across the campus. I have served as a permanent and temporary NIH reviewer for multiple study sections, often in the capacity as the nutrition reviewer. My research currently involves the development and testing of novel approaches to bringing dietary information to large patient populations, and to large population studies that can support gene-nutrient interaction research. We were among the first to program 24 hour recalls and diet history questionnaires, to incorporate audio and food images for portion size estimation in these programs and are currently the first group to test the feasibility and validity of conducting multiple web based recalls. We are deeply involved in doubly labeled water based validation of reporting and reporting bias by race, gender and weight status. other research interests involve the application of dietary assessment to the understanding of disease etiology especially in the areas of diet and brain function, anticarcinogens, heterocyclic amines and prostate and breast cancer incidence and survival, and the relationship of diet to atherosclerosis. I have published over 170 original papers as well as numerous book chapters and monographs. As a nutrition advisor to the World Health Organization (WHO) for 10 years and as the founding director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Nutritional Epidemiology in Berlin, I feel I have the necessary skills to consult on this project. I am also the founding North American Editor of the journal Public Health Nutrition, Associate Editor of Nutrition and Cancer and sit on numerous other editorial boards.

Publications:

Arab Lenore, Khan Faraz, Lam Helen Epidemiologic evidence of a relationship between tea, coffee, or caffeine consumption and cognitive decline. Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.). 2013; 4(1): 115-22.
Murali Sameer, Arab Lenore, Vargas Roberto, Rastogi Anjay, Ang Alfonso, Shetty Nidhi Internet-based tools to assess diet and provide feedback in chronic kidney disease stage IV: a pilot study. Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation. 2013; 23(2): e33-42.
Lesser Lenard I, Hunnes Dana E, Reyes Phedellee, Arab Lenore, Ryan Gery W, Brook Robert H, Cohen Deborah A Assessment of food offerings and marketing strategies in the food-service venues at California Children's Hospitals. Academic pediatrics. 2012; 12(1): 62-7.
Arab Lenore, Su L Joseph, Steck Susan E, Ang Alfonso, Fontham Elizabeth T H, Bensen Jeannette T, Mohler James L Coffee consumption and prostate cancer aggressiveness among African and Caucasian Americans in a population-based study. Nutrition and cancer. 2012; 64(5): 637-42.
Tabung Fred, Steck Susan E, Su L Joseph, Mohler James L, Fontham Elizabeth T H, Bensen Jeannette T, Hebert James R, Zhang Hongmei, Arab Lenore Intake of grains and dietary fiber and prostate cancer aggressiveness by race. Prostate cancer. 2012; 2012(5): 323296.
Bailey Regan, Arab Lenore Nutritional prevention of cognitive decline. Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.). 2012; 3(5): 732-3.
Cegielski J Peter, Arab Lenore, Cornoni-Huntley Joan Nutritional risk factors for tuberculosis among adults in the United States, 1971-1992. American journal of epidemiology. 2012; 176(5): 409-22.
Lebold Katie M, Ang Alfonso, Traber Maret G, Arab Lenore Urinary α-carboxyethyl hydroxychroman can be used as a predictor of α-tocopherol adequacy, as demonstrated in the Energetics Study. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2012; 96(4): 801-9.
Semba Richard D, Arab Lenore, Sun Kai, Nicklett Emily J, Ferrucci Luigi Fat mass is inversely associated with serum carboxymethyl-lysine, an advanced glycation end product, in adults. The Journal of nutrition. 2011; 141(9): 1726-30.
Arab Lenore, Biggs Mary L, O'Meara Ellen S, Longstreth W T, Crane Paul K, Fitzpatrick Annette L Gender differences in tea, coffee, and cognitive decline in the elderly: the cardiovascular health study. Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. 2011; 27(3): 553-66.
Su L Joseph, Arab Lenore, Steck Susan E, Fontham Elizabeth T H, Schroeder Jane C, Bensen Jeannette T, Mohler James L Obesity and prostate cancer aggressiveness among African and Caucasian Americans in a population-based study. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2011; 20(5): 844-53.
Arab Lenore, Cambou Mary C, Craft Neal, Wesseling-Perry Katherine, Jardack Patricia, Ang Alfonso Racial differences in correlations between reported dietary intakes of carotenoids and their concentration biomarkers. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2011; 93(5): 1102-8.
Arab Lenore Should men drink more coffee to delay progression of prostate cancer?. Nutrition and cancer. 2011; 63(8): 1161-2.
Arab Lenore, Tseng Chi-Hong, Ang Alfonso, Jardack Patricia Validity of a multipass, web-based, 24-hour self-administered recall for assessment of total energy intake in blacks and whites. American journal of epidemiology. 2011; 174(11): 1256-65.
Arab Lenore, Winter Ashley Automated camera-phone experience with the frequency of imaging necessary to capture diet. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2010; 110(8): 1238-41.
Arab Lenore, Wesseling-Perry Kate, Jardack Patricia, Henry Judith, Winter Ashley Eight self-administered 24-hour dietary recalls using the Internet are feasible in African Americans and Whites: the energetics study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2010; 110(6): 857-64.
Arab Lenore Epidemiologic evidence on coffee and cancer. Nutrition and cancer. 2010; 62(3): 271-83.
Arab Lenore, Tseng Chi-hong, Cambou Mary Re: Number of 24-hour diet recalls needed to estimate energy intake. Annals of epidemiology. 2010; 20(1): 86; author reply 87-8.
Arab Lenore, Liebeskind David S Tea, flavonoids and stroke in man and mouse. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2010; 501(1): 31-6.
Arab Lenore, Hahn Harry, Henry Judith, Chacko Sara, Winter Ashley, Cambou Mary C Using the web for recruitment, screen, tracking, data management, and quality control in a dietary assessment clinical validation trial. Contemporary clinical trials. 2010; 31(2): 138-46.
Arab Lenore, Liu Weiqing, Elashoff David Green and black tea consumption and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation. 2009; 40(5): 1786-92.
Arab Lenore, Blumberg Jeffrey B Introduction to the Proceedings of the Fourth International Scientific Symposium on Tea and Human Health. The Journal of nutrition. 2008; 138(8): 1526S-1528S.
Erdman John W, Balentine Douglas, Arab Lenore, Beecher Gary, Dwyer Johanna T, Folts John, Harnly James, Hollman Peter, Keen Carl L, Mazza G, Messina Mark, Scalbert Augustin, Vita Joseph, Williamson Gary, Burrowes Jerrilynn Flavonoids and heart health: proceedings of the ILSI North America Flavonoids Workshop, May 31-June 1, 2005, Washington, DC. The Journal of nutrition. 2007; 137(3 Suppl 1): 718S-737S.
Volkova Nataliya, Arab Lenore Evidence-based systematic literature review of hemoglobin/hematocrit and all-cause mortality in dialysis patients. American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation. 2006; 47(1): 24-36.
Su L Joseph, Arab Lenore Salad and raw vegetable consumption and nutritional status in the adult US population: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2006; 106(9): 1394-404.
Guallar Eliseo, Jiménez F Javier, van 't Veer Pieter, Bode Peter, Riemersma Rudolph A, Gómez-Aracena Jorge, Kark Jeremy D, Arab Lenore, Kok Frans J, Martín-Moreno José M, Martín-Moreno José M Low toenail chromium concentration and increased risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction. American journal of epidemiology. 2005; 162(2): 157-64.
Jahns Lisa, Arab Lenore, Carriquiry Alicia, Popkin Barry M The use of external within-person variance estimates to adjust nutrient intake distributions over time and across populations. Public health nutrition. 2005; 8(1): 69-76.
Jordan Joanne M, De Roos Anneclaire J, Renner Jordan B, Luta Gheorghe, Cohen Amy, Craft Neal, Helmick Charles G, Hochberg Marc C, Arab Lenore A case-control study of serum tocopherol levels and the alpha- to gamma-tocopherol ratio in radiographic knee osteoarthritis: the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project. American journal of epidemiology. 2004; 159(10): 968-77.
Kim Soowon, Popkin Barry M, Siega-Riz Anna Maria, Haines Pamela S, Arab Lenore A cross-national comparison of lifestyle between China and the United States, using a comprehensive cross-national measurement tool of the healthfulness of lifestyles: the Lifestyle Index. Preventive medicine. 2004; 38(2): 160-71.
Su Lihchyun Joseph, Arab Lenore Alcohol consumption and risk of colon cancer: evidence from the national health and nutrition examination survey I epidemiologic follow-up study. Nutrition and cancer. 2004; 50(2): 111-9.
Arab Lenore Individualized nutritional recommendations: do we have the measurements needed to assess risk and make dietary recommendations?. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2004; 63(1): 167-72.
Steck-Scott S, Arab L, Craft NE, Samet JM Plasma and lung macrophage responsiveness to carotenoid supplementation and ozone exposure in humans. European journal of clinical nutrition. . 2004; 58(12): 1571-9.
Bodnar Lisa M, Siega-Riz Anna Maria, Arab Lenore, Chantala Kim, McDonald Thad Predictors of pregnancy and postpartum haemoglobin concentrations in low-income women. Public health nutrition. 2004; 7(6): 701-11.
Jahns Lisa, Carriquiry Alicia, Arab Lenore, Mroz Thomas A, Popkin Barry M Within- and between-person variation in nutrient intakes of Russian and U.S. children differs by sex and age. The Journal of nutrition. 2004; 134(11): 3114-20.
Fleischauer Aaron T, Simonsen Neal, Arab Lenore Antioxidant supplements and risk of breast cancer recurrence and breast cancer-related mortality among postmenopausal women. Nutrition and cancer. 2003; 46(1): 15-22.
Arab Lenore Biomarkers of fat and fatty acid intake. The Journal of nutrition. 2003; 133 Suppl 3(6): 925S-932S.
Dora Il'yasova, Arab Lenore, Martinchik Arseny, Sdvizhkov Alexander, Urbanovich Leonard, Weisgerber Ute Black tea consumption and risk of rectal cancer in Moscow population. Annals of epidemiology. 2003; 13(6): 405-11.
Poole Charles, Peters Ulrike, Il'yasova Dora, Arab Lenore Commentary: This study failed?. International journal of epidemiology. 2003; 32(4): 534-5.
Jahns Lisa, Arab Lenore, Carriquiry Alicia Dietary reference intakes still used incorrectly in Journal articles. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2003; 103(10): 1292-3; author reply 1293.
Arab Lenore, Carriquiry Alicia, Steck-Scott Susan, Gaudet Mia M Ethnic differences in the nutrient intake adequacy of premenopausal US women: results from the Third National Health Examination Survey. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2003; 103(8): 1008-14.
Spector Denise, Anthony Mary, Alexander Deloris, Arab Lenore Soy consumption and colorectal cancer. Nutrition and cancer. 2003; 47(1): 1-12.
Arab Lenore, Il'yasova Dora The epidemiology of tea consumption and colorectal cancer incidence. The Journal of nutrition. 2003; 133(10): 3310S-3318S.
Arab Lenore, Akbar Jabar Biomarkers and the measurement of fatty acids. Public health nutrition. 2002; 5(6A): 865-71.
Arab Lenore, Steck-Scott Susan, Fleishauer Aaron T Lycopene and the lung. Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.). 2002; 227(10): 894-9.
Mendez Michelle A, Anthony Mary S, Arab Lenore Soy-based formulae and infant growth and development: a review. The Journal of nutrition. 2002; 132(8): 2127-30.
Su L Joseph, Arab Lenore Tea consumption and the reduced risk of colon cancer -- results from a national prospective cohort study. Public health nutrition. 2002; 5(3): 419-25.
Arab, L., Whittler, M., Schettler, G. European Food Consumption Tables in Translation. Geomedical Research Facility of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences 1987; 1-155.
Henke, K.D., BEhrens, C., Arab, L., Schlierf, G. The Cost of Nutritional Related Diseases. The Federal Secretary of Youth, Family, and Health 1986; 179: 1-286.
Arab, L., Schellenberg, B., Schlierf, G. A Survey of Young Men and Women in Heidelberg. Nutrition and Health 1982; 26(1): 1-244.
Arab Lenore, Su Joseph, Steck Susan E, Ang Alfonso, Fontham Elizabeth T H, Bensen Jeannette T, Mohler James L Adherence to world cancer research fund/american institute for cancer research lifestyle recommendations reduces prostate cancer aggressiveness among african and caucasian americans. Nutrition and cancer. 2013; 65(5): 633-43.