Bennett G. Novitch, M.M.Sc., Ph.D.

Laboratory Address:
650 Charles E Young Dr. South
Department of Neurobiology
Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research
Los Angeles, CA 90095

Office Address:
650 Charles E Young Dr South
Los Angeles, CA 90095

Affiliations
Affiliations
Professor, Neurobiology
Member, Brain Research Institute, CTSI, Cell & Developmental Biology GPB Home Area, Eli & Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine & Stem Cell Research, Gene Regulation GPB Home Area, JCCC Cancer and Stem Cell Biology Program Area, Neuroscience GPB Home Area
Research Interests
The primary goal of my laboratory’s research is to determine the molecular pathways that direct the differentiation of neural stem and progenitor cells (NPCs) and the assembly of neural circuits, particularly those that control motor functions such as locomotion and breathing. To achieve this goal, we focus on identifying the growth factor signals, transcriptional networks, and downstream effectors that control the formation of neurons and glial cells in the spinal cord and brain. Insights into these fundamental mechanisms are essential for determining the function of NPCs in both normal development and diseased states, and for developing new methods to manipulate NPCs to facilitate the repair of damaged neural tissues.
Biography

Dr. Novitch’'s interest in developmental biology and stem cell research grew out of work he did as a graduate student, studying the gene regulatory network that enables the formation of skeletal muscle. As a post-doctoral fellow, Dr. Novitch identified growth factor signals and transcription factors that direct the formation of motor neurons in the spinal cord. His long-term goal is to discover how developmental mechanisms can be harnessed to program stem cells to form mature cells types with therapeutic and disease-modeling potential. His research already has led to the establishment of methods by which different classes of neurons, such as motor neurons, and three-dimensional brain structures can be generated in culture from pluripotent stem cells. In addition to being a member of the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA, Dr. Novitch also is affiliated with the Brain Research Institute, UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Molecular Biology Institute and the Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center. He also is a member of the Society for Developmental Biology and the International Society for Stem Cell Research. Dr. Novitch is currently a Professor of Neurobiology and holds the Ethel Scheibel Chair in Neuroscience. Dr. Novitch joined the UCLA faculty from the University of Michigan, where he was an Assistant Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology. He earned his Master’s degree in Medical Sciences in 1993 from Harvard Medical School and his Doctoral degree in Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology in 1998 from Harvard University. He also completed postdoctoral training at the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia University. Dr. Novitch’'s work is funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the National Institude of Child Health and Human Development, the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation and the Muscular Dystrophy Association.

Publications

A selected list of publications:

Andrews Madeline G, Kong Jennifer, Novitch Bennett G, Butler Samantha J   New perspectives on the mechanisms establishing the dorsal-ventral axis of the spinal cord Current topics in developmental biology, 2019; 132: 417-450.
Watanabe M, Haney JR, Vishlaghi N, Turcios F, Buth JE, Gu W, Collier AJ, Miranda OA, Chen D, Sabri S, Clark AT, Plath K, Christofk HR, Gandal MJ, Novitch BG   TGFβ superfamily signaling regulates the state of human stem cell pluripotency and competency to create telencephalic organoids bioRxiv, 2019; 875773.
Adams Katrina L, Rousso David L, Umbach Joy A, Novitch Bennett G   Foxp1-mediated programming of limb-innervating motor neurons from mouse and human embryonic stem cells Nat Commun, 2015; 6: 6778.
Linares Anthony J, Lin Chia-Ho, Damianov Andrey, Adams Katrina L, Novitch Bennett G, Black Douglas L   The splicing regulator PTBP1 controls the activity of the transcription factor Pbx1 during neuronal differentiation eLife, 2015; 4: e09268.
Allison Thomas, Langerman Justin, Sabri Shan, Otero-Garcia Marcos, Lund Andrew, Huang John, Wei Xiaofei, Samarasinghe Ranmal A, Polioudakis Damon, Mody Istvan, Cobos Inma, Novitch Bennett G, Geschwind Daniel H, Plath Kathrin, Lowry William E   Defining the nature of human pluripotent stem cell-derived interneurons via single-cell analysis Stem cell reports, 2021; 16(10): 2548-2564.
Samarasinghe Ranmal A, Miranda Osvaldo A, Buth Jessie E, Mitchell Simon, Ferando Isabella, Watanabe Momoko, Allison Thomas F, Kurdian Arinnae, Fotion Namie N, Gandal Michael J, Golshani Peyman, Plath Kathrin, Lowry William E, Parent Jack M, Mody Istvan, Novitch Bennett G   Identification of neural oscillations and epileptiform changes in human brain organoids Nature neuroscience, 2021; 24(10): 1488-1500.
Taniguchi-Ikeda Mariko, Koyanagi-Aoi Michiyo, Maruyama Tatsuo, Takaori Toru, Hosoya Akiko, Tezuka Hiroyuki, Nagase Shotaro, Ishihara Takuma, Kadoshima Taisuke, Muguruma Keiko, Ishigaki Keiko, Sakurai Hidetoshi, Mizoguchi Akira, Novitch Bennett G, Toda Tatsushi, Watanabe Momoko, Aoi Takashi   Restoration of the defect in radial glial fiber migration and cortical plate organization in a brain organoid model of Fukuyama muscular dystrophy iScience, 2021; 24(10): 103140.
Gupta Sandeep, Yamauchi Ken, Novitch Bennett G, Butler Samantha J   Derivation of dorsal spinal sensory interneurons from human pluripotent stem cells STAR protocols, 2021; 2(1): 100319.
Pearson Caroline Alayne, Moore Destaye M, Tucker Haley O, Dekker Joseph D, Hu Hui, Miquelajáuregui Amaya, Novitch Bennett G   Foxp1 Regulates Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal and Bias Toward Deep Layer Cortical Fates Cell reports, 2020; 30(6): 1964-1981.e3.
Sagner Andreas, Gaber Zachary B, Delile Julien, Kong Jennifer H, Rousso David L, Pearson Caroline A, Weicksel Steven E, Melchionda Manuela, Mousavy Gharavy S Neda, Briscoe James, Novitch Bennett G   Olig2 and Hes regulatory dynamics during motor neuron differentiation revealed by single cell transcriptomics PLoS biology, 2018; 16(2): e2003127.
Han Albert Y, Gupta Sandeep, Novitch Bennett G   Molecular specification of facial branchial motor neurons in vertebrates Developmental biology, 2018; 16(2): e2003127.
Watanabe Momoko, Buth Jessie E, Vishlaghi Neda, de la Torre-Ubieta Luis, Taxidis Jiannis, Khakh Baljit S, Coppola Giovanni, Pearson Caroline A, Yamauchi Ken, Gong Danyang, Dai Xinghong, Damoiseaux Robert, Aliyari Roghiyh, Liebscher Simone, Schenke-Layland Katja, Caneda Christine, Huang Eric J, Zhang Ye, Cheng Genhong, Geschwind Daniel H, Golshani Peyman, Sun Ren, Novitch Bennett G   Self-Organized Cerebral Organoids with Human-Specific Features Predict Effective Drugs to Combat Zika Virus Infection Cell reports, 2017; 21(2): 517-532.
Sangwan Smriti, Zhao Anni, Adams Katrina L, Jayson Christina K, Sawaya Michael R, Guenther Elizabeth L, Pan Albert C, Ngo Jennifer, Moore Destaye M, Soriaga Angela B, Do Thanh D, Goldschmidt Lukasz, Nelson Rebecca, Bowers Michael T, Koehler Carla M, Shaw David E, Novitch Bennett G, Eisenberg David S   Atomic structure of a toxic, oligomeric segment of SOD1 linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017; 114(33): 8770-8775.
Varadarajan Supraja G, Kong Jennifer H, Phan Keith D, Kao Tzu-Jen, Panaitof S Carmen, Cardin Julie, Eltzschig Holger, Kania Artur, Novitch Bennett G, Butler Samantha J   Netrin1 Produced by Neural Progenitors, Not Floor Plate Cells, Is Required for Axon Guidance in the Spinal Cord Neuron, 2017; .
Li Chunfeng, Deng Yong-Qiang, Wang Shuo, Ma Feng, Aliyari Roghiyh, Huang Xing-Yao, Zhang Na-Na, Watanabe Momoko, Dong Hao-Long, Liu Ping, Li Xiao-Feng, Ye Qing, Tian Min, Hong Shuai, Fan Junwan, Zhao Hui, Li Lili, Vishlaghi Neda, Buth Jessie E, Au Connie, Liu Ying, Lu Ning, Du Peishuang, Qin F Xiao-Feng, Zhang Bo, Gong Danyang, Dai Xinghong, Sun Ren, Novitch Bennett G, Xu Zhiheng, Qin Cheng-Feng, Cheng Genhong   25-Hydroxycholesterol Protects Host against Zika Virus Infection and Its Associated Microcephaly in a Mouse Model Immunity, 2017; 46(3): 446-456.
Huang Chengyang, Su Trent, Xue Yong, Cheng Chen, Lay Fides D, McKee Robin A, Li Meiyang, Vashisht Ajay, Wohlschlegel James, Novitch Bennett G, Plath Kathrin, Kurdistani Siavash K, Carey Michael   Cbx3 maintains lineage specificity during neural differentiation Genes Dev, 2017; 31(3): 241-246.
Kong Jennifer H, Yang Linlin, Dessaud Eric, Chuang Katherine, Moore Destaye M, Rohatgi Rajat, Briscoe James, Novitch Bennett G   Notch Activity Modulates the Responsiveness of Neural Progenitors to Sonic Hedgehog Signaling Dev Cell, 2015; 33(4): 373-87.
Pearson Caroline A, Butler Samantha J, Novitch Bennett G   Neuronal organization: unsticking the cadherin code Curr Biol, 2014; 24(23): R1127-9.
Niewiadomski Pawel, Kong Jennifer H, Ahrends Robert, Ma Yan, Humke Eric W, Khan Sohini, Teruel Mary N, Novitch Bennett G, Rohatgi Rajat   Gli protein activity is controlled by multisite phosphorylation in vertebrate hedgehog signaling Cell Rep, 2014; 6(1): 168-81.
Xu Ben, Hrycaj Steven M, McIntyre Daniel C, Baker Nicholas C, Takeuchi Jun K, Jeannotte Lucie, Gaber Zachary B, Novitch Bennett G, Wellik Deneen M   Hox5 interacts with Plzf to restrict Shh expression in the developing forelimb Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2013; 110(48): 19438-43.
Gaber Zachary B, Butler Samantha J, Novitch Bennett G   PLZF regulates fibroblast growth factor responsiveness and maintenance of neural progenitors PLoS Biol, 2013; 11(10): e1001676.
Kong Jennifer H, Butler Samantha J, Novitch Bennett G   My brain told me to do it Dev Cell, 2013; 25(5): 436-8.
Jacob John, Kong Jennifer, Moore Steven, Milton Christopher, Sasai Noriaki, Gonzalez-Quevedo Rosa, Terriente Javier, Imayoshi Itaru, Kageyama Ryoichiro, Kageyama Ryoichoro, Wilkinson David G, Novitch Bennett G, Briscoe James   Retinoid acid specifies neuronal identity through graded expression of Ascl1 Curr Biol, 2013; 23(5): 412-8.
Roy Agnes, Francius Cedric, Rousso David L, Seuntjens Eve, Debruyn Joke, Luxenhofer Georg, Huber Andrea B, Huylebroeck Danny, Novitch Bennett G, Clotman Frederic   Onecut transcription factors act upstream of Isl1 to regulate spinal motoneuron diversification Development, 2012; 139(17): 3109-19.
Wang Yuan, Kim Edward, Wang Xiaojing, Novitch Bennett G, Yoshikawa Kazuaki, Chang Long-Sheng, Zhu Yuan   ERK inhibition rescues defects in fate specification of Nf1-deficient neural progenitors and brain abnormalities Cell, 2012; 150(4): 816-30.
Rousso David L, Pearson Caroline Alayne, Gaber Zachary B, Miquelajauregui Amaya, Li Shanru, Portera-Cailliau Carlos, Morrisey Edward E, Novitch Bennett G   Foxp-mediated suppression of N-cadherin regulates neuroepithelial character and progenitor maintenance in the CNS Neuron, 2012; 74(2): 314-30.
Umbach Joy A, Adams Katrina L, Gundersen Cameron B, Novitch Bennett G   Functional neuromuscular junctions formed by embryonic stem cell-derived motor neurons PLoS One, 2012; 7(5): e36049.
Kang Peng, Lee Hyun Kyoung, Glasgow Stacey M, Finley Meggie, Donti Tataka, Gaber Zachary B, Graham Brett H, Foster Aaron E, Novitch Bennett G, Gronostajski Richard M, Deneen Benjamin   Sox9 and NFIA coordinate a transcriptional regulatory cascade during the initiation of gliogenesis Neuron, 2012; 74(1): 79-94.
Skaggs Kaia, Martin Donna M, Novitch Bennett G   Regulation of spinal interneuron development by the Olig-related protein Bhlhb5 and Notch signaling Development, 2011; 138(15): 3199-211.
Gaber Zachary B, Novitch Bennett G   All the embryo's a stage, and Olig2 in its time plays many parts Neuron, 2011; 69(5): 833-5.
Huettl Rosa-Eva, Soellner Heidi, Bianchi Elisa, Novitch Bennett G, Huber Andrea B   Npn-1 contributes to axon-axon interactions that differentially control sensory and motor innervation of the limb PLoS Biol, 2011; 9(2): e1001020.
Ribes Vanessa, Balaskas Nikolaos, Sasai Noriaki, Cruz Catarina, Dessaud Eric, Cayuso Jordi, Tozer Samuel, Yang Lin Lin, Novitch Ben, Marti Elisa, Briscoe James   Distinct Sonic Hedgehog signaling dynamics specify floor plate and ventral neuronal progenitors in the vertebrate neural tube Genes Dev, 2010; 24(11): 1186-200.
Dessaud Eric, Ribes Vanessa, Balaskas Nikolaos, Yang Lin Lin, Pierani Alessandra, Kicheva Anna, Novitch Bennett G, Briscoe James, Sasai Noriaki   Dynamic assignment and maintenance of positional identity in the ventral neural tube by the morphogen sonic hedgehog PLoS Biol, 2010; 8(6): e1000382.
Palmesino Elena, Rousso David L, Kao Tzu-Jen, Klar Avihu, Laufer Ed, Uemura Osamu, Okamoto Hitoshi, Novitch Bennett G, Kania Artur   Foxp1 and lhx1 coordinate motor neuron migration with axon trajectory choice by gating Reelin signalling PLoS Biol, 2010; 8(8): e1000446.
Novitch Bennett G, Butler Samantha J   Reducing the mystery of neuronal differentiation Cell, 2009; 138(6): 1062-4.
Karumbayaram Saravanan, Novitch Bennett G, Patterson Michaela, Umbach Joy A, Richter Laura, Lindgren Anne, Conway Anne E, Clark Amander T, Goldman Steve A, Plath Kathrin, Wiedau-Pazos Martina, Kornblum Harley I, Lowry William E   Directed differentiation of human-induced pluripotent stem cells generates active motor neurons Stem Cells, 2009; 27(4): 806-11.
Vue Tou Yia, Bluske Krista, Alishahi Amin, Yang Lin Lin, Koyano-Nakagawa Naoko, Novitch Bennett, Nakagawa Yasushi   Sonic hedgehog signaling controls thalamic progenitor identity and nuclei specification in mice J Neurosci, 2009; 29(14): 4484-97.
Rousso David L, Gaber Zachary B, Wellik Deneen, Morrisey Edward E, Novitch Bennett G   Coordinated actions of the forkhead protein Foxp1 and Hox proteins in the columnar organization of spinal motor neurons Neuron, 2008; 59(2): 226-40.
Briscoe James, Novitch Bennett G   Regulatory pathways linking progenitor patterning, cell fates and neurogenesis in the ventral neural tube Phil Trans Royal Soc B, 2008; 363(1489): 57-70.
Dessaud Eric, Yang Lin Lin, Hill Katy, Cox Barny, Ulloa Fausto, Ribeiro Ana, Mynett Anita, Novitch Bennett G, Briscoe James   Interpretation of the sonic hedgehog morphogen gradient by a temporal adaptation mechanism Nature, 2007; 450(7170): 717-20.
Mukouyama Yoh-suke, Deneen Benjamin, Lukaszewicz Agnès, Novitch Bennett G, Wichterle Hynek, Jessell Thomas M, Anderson David J   Olig2+ neuroepithelial motoneuron progenitors are not multipotent stem cells in vivo Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2006; 103(5): 1551-6.
Marshall Christine A G, Novitch Bennett G, Goldman James E   Olig2 directs astrocyte and oligodendrocyte formation in postnatal subventricular zone cells J Neurosci, 2005; 25(32): 7289-98.
Bylund Magdalena, Andersson Elisabeth, Novitch Bennett G, Muhr Jonas   Vertebrate neurogenesis is counteracted by Sox1-3 activity Nature Neurosci, 2003; 6(11): 1162-8.
Qu Jian, Li Xiaofan, Novitch Bennet G, Zheng Ye, Kohn Matthew, Xie Jian-Ming, Kozinn Spencer, Bronson Roderick, Beg Amer A, Minden Audrey   PAK4 kinase is essential for embryonic viability and for proper neuronal development Mol Cell Biol, 2003; 23(20): 7122-33.
Novitch Bennett G, Wichterle Hynek, Jessell Thomas M, Sockanathan Shanthini   A requirement for retinoic acid-mediated transcriptional activation in ventral neural patterning and motor neuron specification Neuron, 2003; 40(1): 81-95.
Novitch B G, Chen A I, Jessell T M   Coordinate regulation of motor neuron subtype identity and pan-neuronal properties by the bHLH repressor Olig2 Neuron, 2001; 31(5): 773-89.
Novitch B G, Spicer D B, Kim P S, Cheung W L, Lassar A B   pRb is required for MEF2-dependent gene expression as well as cell-cycle arrest during skeletal muscle differentiation Curr Biol, 1999; 9(9): 449-59.
Sellers W R, Novitch B G, Miyake S, Heith A, Otterson G A, Kaye F J, Lassar A B, Kaelin W G   Stable binding to E2F is not required for the retinoblastoma protein to activate transcription, promote differentiation, and suppress tumor cell growth Genes Dev, 1998; 12(1): 95-106.
Skapek S X, Rhee J, Kim P S, Novitch B G, Lassar A B   Cyclin-mediated inhibition of muscle gene expression via a mechanism that is independent of pRB hyperphosphorylation Mol Cell Biol, 1996; 16(12): 7043-53.
Novitch B G, Mulligan G J, Jacks T, Lassar A B   Skeletal muscle cells lacking the retinoblastoma protein display defects in muscle gene expression and accumulate in S and G2 phases of the cell cycle J Cell Biol, 1996; 135(2): 441-56.
Halevy O, Novitch B G, Spicer D B, Skapek S X, Rhee J, Hannon G J, Beach D, Lassar A B   Correlation of terminal cell cycle arrest of skeletal muscle with induction of p21 by MyoD Science, 1995; 267(5200): 1018-21.
Lassar A B, Skapek S X, Novitch B   Regulatory mechanisms that coordinate skeletal muscle differentiation and cell cycle withdrawal Curr Opin Cell Biol, 1994; 6(6): 788-94.